Histoire de la corruption politique: pratiques de la faveur et débats publics aux XIXe et XXe siècles

Corruption and Politics in France and Romania (present time)

Members – Romanian team:
  • Silvia Marton (coord.), Constanța Vintilă-Ghițulescu, Alexandra Iancu, Andrei Dan Sorescu, Bogdan Mateescu

Members – French team:
  • Frédéric Monier (coord.), Olivier Dard, Marion Fontaine, Florent Gouven, Benjamin Gérôme

  • GRiPS – New Europe College, Bucharest & Université d'Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Centre Norbert Elias (CNRS - l’équipe HEMOC), SIRICE (CNRS UMR 8138)

International Partners:
  • Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris (FMSH)

Project of scientific cooperation between France and Romania, financed by UEFISCDI: PN-II-CT-RO-FR-2014-2-0027 - partnership Hubert Curien (Brâncusi) (January 1st, 2015 - December 31st, 2016)

This scientific project was initiated by researchers associated with this network, and focuses on the transformations of European and North American societies since 1800. These historical processes are analysed through the prism of debates around corruption. This issue is seen as key to understanding the practices of influence and other "micro-political" techniques, as well as the norms and political debate in all its forms (W. Reinhard, 2011). The hypothesis is that beginning with the eighteenth century and through the nineteenth century, corruption starts being constituted as a political problem. It becomes a marker/indicator of thresholds of sensitivity and tolerance accepted by the public, in opposition to social and political relations - and most clearly to systems of patronage and clientele. Corruption and its contestations thus help us to understand the evolution of cultural forms - such as civic morality and public interest rules that accompany politicization of societies, in connection with the consolidation of the state and the process of industrialization.